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Apnea is a common sleep-related breathing disorder that is characterized by repeating stops of breathing during sleep, caused by the narrowing of the upper airway. This wakens apnea patient tens of times every night for several seconds, without them remember it the next morning.
As a result their organism is under extraordinary stress, the blood pressure can rise considerably, and sleep is fragmented and by no means restful.
Main types of Sleep Apnea are:
- Obstructive sleep apnea - common form that occurs when throat muscles relax,
- Central sleep apnea - occurs when our brain doesn't send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing
Are you waking up feeling more tired than when you went to sleep?
Did you gain extra weight without changing your diet or everyday routine?
Are you waking up your partner with loud snoring?
- Loud snoring
- Episodes of breath holding, gasping or choking during sleep, or reports of berating interruptions from a bed partner
- Nocturnal sweating
- Dry mouth upon awakening
- Morning headache
- Difficulty staying asleep (insomnia)
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Difficulty paying attention while awake
If not treated apnea can result in
INCREASED MORTALITY AND MORBIDITY
Apena can severely affect one's professional and personal lives. Inadequately treated apnea with moderate to severe forms have a threefold higher mortality risk.
A veritable vicious circle is set in motion through weight gain: on the one hand, too much body weight promotes the development of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. And this, in turn, may increase the severity of OSAS and the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and other diseseas.
Today, if you do not treate apnea, you will have increased the risk of:
- Coronary heart disease
- Heart failure
- Diabetes mellitus
- Car accidents
Factors that increase the possibility of Apnea:
There are many factors contributing to occurrence of sleep apnea syndrome. Additionality, apnea obstructive occurs familial: the risk doubles when at least one relative is affected and increases in sync with the number of cases within a family. Also, women suffer from sleep apnea much more frequently than previously thought. But women - if they are not overweight - can enjoy some protection until the menopause.
- Obesity - fat deposits around your upper airway can obstruct your breathing
- Neck circumference
- A narrowed airway - tonsils or adenoids can enlarge and block the airway
- Male sex - men are two to three times more likely to have sleep apnea than are women
- Older age
- Family history
- Use of alcohol, sedatives or tranquilizers, particularly in the evening
- Nasal congestion
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PETER JFM LOHUIS, MD PHD
BORIS FILIPOVIĆ, MD PHD
BORIS ŠIMUNJAK, MD PHD
MARINA MILOŠEVIĆ, MD
LUKA VIDAKOVIĆ, OR TECHNICIAN
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